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Tree Shaping for Different Situations

Through the use of tree shaping techniques, it is possible to shape your tree to a certain style. There are seven main tree shapes and all of them have their own benefits for certain situations. During the growth of the tree, simply cut off the unneeded branches, tie the wanted branches into the proper shape, and you will be able to shape it however you want. However, for some of the more advanced shapes, equally advanced pruning techniques are required. There are many books written on this subject.

Usually, if you are training trees to get to a certain shape, all the tying and pruning should occur in the fall. This will encourage the shape to stick, since no fruits will be produced at that point in time. Each of the different shapes is very useful in certain situations. So, here are some different types of shapes you are able to choose from.

Standard trees hardly need any explanation. These are the varieties that are most common, and probably what you picture most when you think of any tree. No specific shaping is required to get the shape to take this type of form. Just let it go and prune it as you would normally, and unless you have a strangely deformed tree then it should end up being a standard tree.

It is possible to turn a standard tree into a bush tree through pruning. The branches take the same shape, but the stem or trunk of the tree is noticeably shorter. This can be beneficial if you want to grow trees, but do not want to block the view. For example, my house has a great view of the Rocky Mountains. I did not want to sacrifice this gorgeous view, so I grew my trees up as bush trees.

Cordons are a type of tree that you might not be familiar with. It consists of one stem with no branches. It is planted at an angle so that it arches up over the ground. Through the course of its growth, all branches are removed. These are beneficial because they take up very small amounts of space and more can be fit in a certain square footage. The only negative aspect is that they produce smaller amounts of fruit per tree.

Espalier trees grow with a single vertical stem in the center, and several horizontal branches on each side. These allow for long rows of trees, while still producing large amounts of fruit. If you operate a fruit tree orchard, you probably use this shape to fit as many trees as possible into the area you have.

Fan trees use the same theory as espalier trees. However, the shape is slightly different. The same central vertical stem is used, but the connected branches are not horizontal; they grow in the same pattern as a standard tree, only they are two dimensional rather than three dimensional. They are also used to save space, and are used instead of espalier trees for certain types of fruit trees that do better with sloped branches.

Another type of espalier is the step-over espalier. They are like a normal espalier, but with just one horizontal branch very close to the ground. They are particularly interesting because they still produce delicious fruit while providing a border for whatever you want. I have used step-over trees to fence my garden. They are definitely my favorite shape of tree, mainly because they are like a fence that bears fruit. What is not to love?

As you can see, each of these shapes has its own unique benefits and of course negative aspects as well. If any of these sounds like they would be a good fit for your garden, you can ask your local nursery employee for advice on reading material that will help you achieve your goals. Most of the time, getting the training tree into the desired shape is a very easy process and just requires some guidance at the beginning.

Successful Gardening!

Kali Winters is a gardening enthusiast and author who spends much of her time teaching others how to setup and maintain beautiful, amazing gardens. Check out her latest book, Holistic Herbs~A Beginners Guide to Herbal Gardening. " There you will find 12 free bonus e-books for your reading enjoyment. Learn more about Trees Here!

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Kali S Winters is a gardening enthusiast and author who spends much of her time teaching others how to setup and maintain beautiful amazing gardens. Purchase Kali's latest book, "Holistic Herbs-A Beginners Guide to Herbal Gardening" Here and receive a special limited time offer of 12 free bonus e-books regarding: Chinese Herbs, Home Herbal Remedies, The Golden Book of Orchids, Vegetable Gardening, Herbal Teas, Building a Backyard Fish Pond, Building Your Own Greenhouse...and so many more! Click Here to get these e-books before this special offer is gone Forever!

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